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Types of oncologists and their specialities by Onco Life Cancer Centre

Types of Oncologists and Their Specialties in Oncology

Who is an Oncologist?

Oncology is the specialized branch of medicine devoted to the field of cancer including diagnosis, treatments, and researches. Doctors who treat cancer patients are known as oncologists. Cancer treatment involves various medical procedures and hence, requires a speciality team.

Catering to the growing concerns of the cancer patients, there are few recommended cancer hospitals across the country, known for their reliable and affordable treatments. Onco-Life cancer centre is one such hospital, working persistently for the cancer patients, with its qualified team of cancer specialist in Pune.

Role of Oncologist

An oncologist’s role is centered around the complete cancer treatment. Starting from the diagnosis, an oncologist continues with his/her following responsibilities:

  • Explaining to the patient about cancer diagnosed, including the stage.
  • Apprising about the treatment options available
  • Offering quality and compassionate care, thus keeping the patient at ease.
  • Assisting the patient to handle cancer symptoms and side effects in the best way.
  • Maintaining follow-ups even after the treatment.

Types of Oncologists

Depending upon the nature, stage, and location of cancer, there are different oncologists offering their specialized services for cancer treatment. The field of oncology has three main divisions-medical, surgical and radiation. There are also several sub-specialities.

Medical Oncologist

Medical Oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer using chemotherapy and other medications like targeted therapy or immunotherapy. He is the primary health care provider for a cancer patient who leads the development of the patient’s treatment. He works in conjunction with the other medical departments for best results. A medical oncologist is also the responsible head who continues with the follow-ups and checkups of the patients, post-treatment.

Surgical Oncologist

A surgical oncologist is a surgeon who specializes in the surgical removal of cancerous tumors. They are basically general surgeon who undertake additional training in oncology and related surgical procedures. They are also specialized in performing certain types of biopsies to help diagnose cancer.

Radiation Oncologist

Radiation oncologists are doctors who treat cancer through radiation therapy. Radiation therapy employs high-energy X-rays to kill the cancerous cells. At times when it’s not possible to completely destroy the cancer cells, oncologists use the radiations to reduce the tumor or slow the tumor growth without affecting the neighbouring tissues. This is called palliative therapy. The main objective of the therapy is to improve the patient’s quality of life by controlling the tumors growth and its related symptoms.

At times the radiation oncologists also undertake brachytherapy to treat the cancer patients. In this therapy, radioactive sources are implanted directly into or next to the tumor. Depending upon the type of cancer, the radiation radioactive sources may be left in the place permanently or removed at the end of each treatment session.

Other Sub-specialties

Gynecologic Oncologist

Gynecologic oncologists are doctors who treat cancers related to the female reproductive system. This includes ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, uterine cancer, and more. They are trained obstetrician-gynaecologist who take additional fellowship training to sub-specialize in oncology.

Pediatric Oncologist

A pediatric oncologist specializes in cancer treatment of children. There are some cancers that mostly affect children and young teenagers like brain tumors, leukemia, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma.

Hematologist-Oncologist

Hematologist oncologists are into diagnosing and treating blood cancers that may include leukemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma.

Neuro-Oncologist

Neuro-oncologists are dedicated to the treatment of cancers related to brain, spine and peripheral nerves.

Onco-Life Cancer Centre is a one-stop destination for those who are looking for the best cancer treatment. We take pride to have the services of best oncologist in Pune who have to their credit several successful cancer stories.

Hematologist in Pune - Onco Life Hospital

The Basics of Hematology & Common Blood Disorders

Cancer tops the chart when it comes to the most dreaded diseases; at ONCO-Life Hospital which is recognized as the cancer specialist in Pune and surrounding areas like Satara, you will be successful in finding comprehensive treatment for this deadly disease. Now that you know where to get the best treatment for this fatal ailment, it would also make sense for you to know that there are several types of cancers and the most dangerous amongst them is leukemia or blood cancer. This form of cancer is caused by unnatural growth of abnormal blood cells which ultimately transforms into cancerous tumors. When a person is diagnosed with this disease they need to seek the help of an expert like ONCO-Life Hospital, we have a reputation that defines us as the best hematologist in Pune.

What exactly is hematology?

Hematology in simple words is the study of human blood and its major aim is to discover and rectify any and every problem that affects the patient’s white blood cells, red blood cells, platelets, blood vessels, bone marrow, lymph node, spleen or the proteins that are required for the clotting & bleeding processes. A specialist in this field is known as a hematologist; when a person is diagnosed with a blood disorder he will be referred to a hematologist who will study the symptoms of disease and provide with a treatment plan that is in sync with individualistic symptoms.

The study of blood can be effectively employed to treat a number of blood disorders, listed below are a few commonly observed blood disorders that most people suffer from:

  • Anemia:
    Anemia is a widespread form of blood disorder which is observed when the body is short of red blood cells. This ailment can also occur if the red blood cells in the body fail to function properly. Red blood cells are extremely important as they are the carriers of hemoglobin inside the body. There are many factors that add up to the risk of an individual getting afflicted with anemia; an unhealthy diet, intestinal issues or even chronic diseases can be the root cause. The treatment plan for this disease depends completely on what triggers it in the patient and it will be decided upon by the hematologist who will then draft a symptom specific treatment plan.
  • Bleeding disorders:
    A bleeding disorder can be explained as a disease wherein the blood does not clot properly leading to incessant loss of blood. For example, if people suffering from this ailment give themselves a small cut, they will experience excessive bleeding which could turn fatal. A Bleeding disorder is often a result of limited blood clotting factors and hence it can be treated with a blood transfusion. Hematology will help the patient in making up for what is missing in their body.

The clinical hematology services provided at ONCO-Life Hospital can treat all of the aforementioned diseases and more. We are not just limited to being a cancer specialist, our service portfolio includes PET CT scan, radiation oncology, breast cancer treatment, pathology, tumour treatment and a lot more. For us, every patient’s well-being is of paramount importance and we try to provide each & every individual who walks in our door with a service that they will remember & cherish for a lifetime!