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A guide to genetic testing for Hereditary Cancer Diagnosis by cancer specialist in Pune

Genetic Testing for Hereditary Cancer Diagnosis

Genetic testing is conducted to estimate the possibility of developing cancer in your lifetime. These tests help detect mutations in your DNA. If some of your family members or blood relatives were diagnosed with cancer, you become more likely to receive the genes too. Hence, genetic testing informs you whether cancer runs in your family. Genetic testing may help in the following:

  • Predicting the risk of a particular disease
  • Finding out whether your genes pose a cancer risk to your children
  • Provide information to prepare you in advance

Here is an article explaining the importance of genetic testing by ‘Onco Life Cancer Centre’, the preferred cancer specialist in Pune, Kolhapur, Satara, and adjacent regions.

Genetic tests are available only for certain types of cancer such as Breast, Ovarian, Colon, Thyroid, Prostate, Pancreatic, Melanoma, Stomach and kidney cancer. ‘Onco life Cancer Centre’ in Satara is one of the finest testing centres for people looking for a cancer hospital in Pune or nearby regions.

A point to note here is that Genetic tests do not say whether you will get cancer or not. They just tell you how much chance you have of getting cancer. This means, even if you have a 95% genetic chance of inheriting cancer, you can adopt certain preventive measures to avoid letting cancer happen to you.

What are the risk factors of genetic mutation?

An inherited gene mutation can cause cancer to be developed due to heredity from parent to child. The factors which increase the risk of hereditary cancer are as follows:

  • You have many first-degree relatives such as mother, father, sisters, brothers, children with cancer.
  • There is a single gene mutation which is a link to a group of cancer such as breast, ovarian, colorectal, and pancreatic cancers in your family.
  • One or several of the family members have more than one type of cancer.
  • One or several of the family members have had cancer at a very young age.
  • One or several of the family members have a rare type of cancer such as male breast cancer or eye cancer.
  • One or more family members have already had genetic testing that found a mutation.

Why is this test important?

These genetic tests are used as a guide for treating certain cancers. They help to inform a healthcare practitioner as to whether certain targeted cancer drugs may or may not work. Genes are made up of DNA, which is like the code required for the production of certain proteins. Alteration in the DNA, called as polymorphisms or mutations, can occur throughout the population. Mutations can affect all cells but can occur later in life due to exposures to radiation, toxins or any other unknown reasons, resulting in cancer.

In certain types of cancers, there may be a genetic mutation that leads to an increased amount of a particular protein present in the tumor tissue or to the production of a protein that has altered activity. Tumors with these mutations tend to grow and spread more aggressively and are more resistant to chemotherapy too. Genetic tests for cancer therapy detect the mutations, thereby identifying tumors that may be susceptible to targeted therapy. Conversely, genetic tests may also identify tumors that will not respond to targeted therapy.

The benefits of genetic testing

One of the advantages of knowing whether you have a genetic mutation or not is that you can work with your doctor to assess your cancer risks and facilitate preventive oncology. This can help prevent cancer completely or at least find it an early stage when it’s most treatable. This will not just inform you but will also prepare your family for themselves.

To get yourself tested, visit Onco Life Cancer Centre in Satara where the staff consists of the best of experienced cancer specialists, oncologists & hematologist in Pune and Mumbai.

Life after breast cancer by breast specialist doctor in Pune

Life After Breast Cancer Treatment

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting a large number of women across the globe. The diagnosis and treatment of this disease usually last for 8 months to 1 year. During this phase, the patients eagerly wait to get back to their routine life.

There are many hospitals offering breast cancer treatment in Pune and other Western regions but only a name like Onco Life Cancer Centre, the leading cancer hospital in Satara is making the cancer treatment a better experience for the cancer patients.

There is no denying the fact that with the advancements in the Oncology Department, breast cancer treatments have become a lot more sophisticated and effective. However, there still exist certain post-treatment issues that survivors find difficult to cope.

During the treatment, the patient’s body goes through various assaults of chemo drugs or radiations that take a toll on their health. Some even have to undergo surgery where the breast is either removed or conserved, subjected to the stage of cancer. These medical procedures make the body weak and it takes time for the patient to recover emotionally & physically.

The biggest challenge that most breast cancer survivors face is fatigue, resulting from chemotherapy and the accumulated effects of other treatments. It’s difficult for survivors to carry on with their daily physical chores like walking, exercising, climbing stairs, etc. Their capacity to work gets reduced and concentration level also subsides. Some patients also complain of Chemobrain wherein they are unable to focus & concentrate thus leading to agonizing frustration.

End of breast cancer treatment does not necessarily mark the end of the cancer journey. Instead, the survivors embark on a new journey altogether which requires them to make necessary adjustments to their lifestyle. This could include changes in eating habits, sleeping cycles, exercise regime, etc. When positive changes are incorporated in life such that they eventually become a New Normal, its easier to start afresh and live a happier life.

Besides making the necessary changes, taking initiatives like joining Cancer support groups can be very helpful. These groups provide a platform where you can connect with other cancer survivors. It’s the right place where you can share and learn about other people experiences.

Empowered with sound industry experience and expertise of best oncologist in Pune, Onco Life Cancer Centre today is known for its top-quality services. We have helped many patients successfully overcome their disease and to stand for the cause. Know how our patients have become a source of inspiration for other survivors by clicking here.

Different Types of Breast Cancer Treatments

Different Types of Breast Cancer Treatments

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting a large number of women all across the globe. Over the years, to combat the disease, the members of medical fraternity including breast specialist doctor in Pune, Mumbai, Satara and other cities of Maharashtra have always come forward to adapt the advanced techniques, revolutionizing the cancer treatment.

The type of treatment a cancer patient needs primarily depends upon the type of cancer and the stage of cancer. However, in most of the cases, patients are referred to a combination of treatments for best results.

Following are the medical treatments that a breast cancer patient may have to undergo:

  • Surgical Operation: The main objective of breast cancer surgery is to remove the cancerous tumor from the breast. If the cancer cells are spread to the lymph nodes, then the doctor may also remove the lymph nodes in the underarm area (auxiliary nodes).There are two types of surgeries recommended by the surgeons depending upon the case. These are:
    1. Lumpectomy: Only the breast tumor is removed along with a small strip of normal tissue around. The remaining portion of the breast remains intact. This is also known as breast-conserving surgery.
    2. Mastectomy: In mastectomy, the surgeon recommends to remove the entire breast (this includes the nipple and areola). This is true in most cases, barring exceptions.
  • Chemotherapy: This treatment aims to destroy the cancer cells through the use of drugs that are directly injected into the veins through a needle or by pills. In certain cases, a combination of both can also be applied. Chemotherapy is often recommended as an addition to other treatments like surgery, radiation or hormone therapy. It is an effective therapy that enhances the possibility of a cure, reduces the risk of relapsing, mitigates the symptoms and can also contribute towards a better quality of life of the patient.
  • Hormonal Therapy: Hormonal therapy is used to block the hormones that help the cancerous cells to grow. The therapy is recommended only in those cases where breast cancers are found to have receptors for the naturally occurring hormones. It is often a post-surgery recommendation that aims to mitigate the risk of relapse. This treatment is also used to shrink a tumor prior to the surgery to ensure optimum results.
  • Biological Therapy: This treatment uses the body’s immune system to target and destroy the cancer cells. The therapy induces the immune system to recognize and kill the cancer cells. It may also be used for controlling the growth of the tumor and preventing the spread of cancerous cells.
  • Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy for breast cancer uses high-energy X-rays and other particles to kill cancer cells. The treatment is highly effective on rapidly growing cancer cells that are susceptible to the effects of radiation therapy. The primary aim of radiation therapy is to kill any surviving cancerous cells that remained in or around the breast or lymph nodes after surgery.
  • Other Complementary Medications: Apart from the above mentioned standard breast cancer treatments, there are certain prescribed medicines and health practices which when included in everyday life can go a long way in improving the health of the patient. Practices like meditation and yoga and supplements like vitamins and herbs are often healthy ways to counter any health-damaging impacts.

We, at Onco-Life Cancer Centre (located in Satara, 100kms from Pune) have been successfully catering to patients, coming from districts far and wide. We are known for our state-of-the art facilities and services that are at par with any other cancer hospital in Pune.

Wondering which treatment is right for you?

With so many options available for cancer treatment, patients may have difficulty in choosing the right one. A cancer specialist is the right person who can explain the pros and cons of each treatment. We, at Onco-life Cancer Centre offer services of highly experienced doctors who can help patients understand their case better and hence, plan their treatment accordingly.

While there are many cancer centers across the country, breast cancer treatments in Pune, Satara, Mumbai are highly sought-after for their quality services and cost-effectiveness.

Cancer in India- Why is this disease on an exponential rise in the past few decades?

The cancer burden in India has more than doubled over the last 26 years. The highest increase among all therapy areas, with breast cancer being the most common among Indian women, according to a recent report.

To understand the rise in this disease, we must understand the core…There is a myriad of chemicals in our environment. They make up everything around us, including our bodies. While chemicals like carbon and oxygen are essential to life, there are some that are toxic and cancer-causing known as carcinogens. These carcinogens damage DNA and the way cells work. Our bodies are engineered with built-in defenses to stop and correct the damage. However, sometimes these safety mechanisms fail to allow uncontrolled cell growth, known as cancer. Unlike normal cells, cancer cells hide from the immune system and create tumors that have their own blood supply while invading other organs.

Scientists are constantly researching chemicals individually to see if they trigger cancer. The research shows that a series of chemical changes produce properties that eventually cause cancer. With various new chemicals being produced for commercial use, scientists have determined that a combination of these may lead to a cascade that affects healthy cells and makes them cancerous.

While it may not be possible to avoid all consumer chemicals, there are things we can do to reduce our risk of contracting the disease.

Thousands of women face breast cancer despite eating a healthy diet, avoiding tobacco and alcohol consumption and exercising often. This is because environmental pollutants and stress play a significant role. Chemicals in food, water and homes can alter the way breast cells mature. It is believed that curtailing environmental pollutants and simplifying our food supply chain could help in cutting the risk. More ways to mitigate the risk is by cutting down on fast foods, canned foods, eating lower fat meat and dairy products and making the switch to organics. Due to the obesity, lack of exercise and a proper diet, colon and rectal cancers are also escalating in number. Processed meat, which increases the exposure to N-nitroso compounds are known to cause colorectal cancers.

The best way to prevent this disease from developing and taking over our bodies it is imperative to:-

  • Eat rich, fibrous vegetables and fruits that are full of anti-oxidants
  • Reduce exposure to harmful chemicals and radiation
  • Curtailing alcohol consumption
  • Eliminating tobacco
  • Keeping a check on stress levels
  • Consume only low-fat dairy and meats