Monthly Archives: April 2022

What is Pathology & why does it matter?

For those who know nothing about the field of Pathology, this can be an eye opener article. The study of disease is called Pathology and is considered the bridge between science and medicine. It is the backbone behind every aspect of patient care, from diagnostic testing and treatment advice to using cutting-edge genetic technologies and preventing disease.

 

When looking for best Pathology Labs in Pune, you must know that at Onco Life Hospital, Pune, we’re reputed for having some of the best pathologists on call. Our doctors and scientists are experts in treating cancer and understanding the various complex aspects of it. In fact, they are known for using cutting-edge genetic technologies to treat patients with life-threatening conditions.

Anyway, back to understanding pathology. Did you know that pathologists play a critical role in research, advancing medicine and thinking of new treatments to fight viruses, infections and diseases like cancer? They’re pretty much superheroes in fact, if you consider what all they’ve achieved in the last 100 years. After all, haven’t we seen significant reductions in illnesses such as polio across the world, as well as major advances in blood transfusion, vaccination and treatment of inherited conditions? Guess who’s behind this? The pioneering pathologists who’ve spent time, effort and thinking on innovation and cure. Which is why, we’re very proud of our Pathology staff at Onco Life Hospital and the reason why we’re counted as one of the best Pathology Labs in Pune.

Here’s what one of our brilliant pathologists has to say about his line of work: “Even after 10 years of service at Onco Life Hospitals, I really enjoy my job because it gives me the chance to do detective work and undertake important tests to make a clear diagnosis. Over here, the pride of being part of a multi-professional team, attending ward rounds and clinics along with reputed doctors and other expert clinicians, and using the knowledge I’ve gained to make a difference to patient care is immense. I feel humbled.”

Who works in Pathology: When you search for the best Pathology Labs in Pune, you’ll find that we have a team of highly-trained medical staff and scientists whose job is to study samples from a person’s body and understand what’s making them unwell.

Pathologists can be of two kinds – one are doctors with specialist laboratory training or secondly, scientists with specialist clinical training – as well as biomedical scientists and support staff.

Pathologists are critical in medical science, because doctors, nurses, surgeons and other medical staff look up to them for advice on the nature and seriousness of a patient’s illness, before determining what would be the most appropriate treatment to administer. At Onco Life Hospital, we certainly take our Pathologists’ words seriously – after all, they run the best pathology labs in Pune.

Let’s look at the different types of pathologists: For those whose blood isn’t clotting properly, the pathologist on attendance is what we call a haematologist who will conduct the blood tests, and confirm results before recommending a treatment.

If there’s an outbreak or infection in the hospital like Covid19, there’s a medical microbiologist who steps in – he or she is an infection doctor who will advise the infection control teams and work with them to control the virus or infection.

For those who aren’t able to get pregnant, a reproductive scientist will investigate and diagnose possible fertility treatments based on the issue at hand.

Apart from these, pathologists also play a vital role in a line-up of research, from investigating the effects of new drugs in clinical trials to profiling the behaviour of viruses and bacteria.

Want to consult the best Pathology Labs in Pune? Walk into Onco Life Hospital, Pune and get yourself an appointment today.

Different types of Radiation Therapy used in Cancer Treatment

The choice of Radiation Therapy is one of the most common forms of cancer treatment. Why do doctors use it, you ask? Well, because radiation uses high-energy X-rays to focus upon and destroy cancer cells. When you’re looking for the best Radiologists in Pune, Onco Life Hospital, Pune, should be your first choice, for sure.  Here’s an overview on the different kinds of radiation therapies used to treat cancers near sensitive organs.

Four types of radiation therapy are frequently used by Radiologists in Pune, when a tumor is close to sensitive organs. These can be used to treat many types of cancer:

  •  3D Conformal Radiation Therapy (3DCRT) makes use of 3D scans to figure out the exact shape and size of the tumor. Here, radiation beams are shaped by tiny metal leaves and then arranged around to fit the tumor. By doing this, side effects to healthy surrounding tissues is limited. This kind of Radiation shows positive outcomes on brain cancer, neck and head cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer and prostate cancer.
  •  Image Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT) keeps a track on the tumor or implanted markers when radiation is in process. In areas of the body that move, this kind of radiation proves effective. Included in this are cancers f the lungs, liver, pancreas, prostate as well as those cancers that are located close to critical organs.
  •  Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) makes use of radiation beams in multiples and directs them on the tumor. Our team of Radiologists in Pune at Onco Life Hospital use special planning software that calculates and minimizes dose to the surrounding normal tissues. When the tumour is extremely close to surrounding normal organs, this is an effective method.
  • Volumetric Modulated Arc Therapy (VMAT) uses multiple radiation beams, each having a different intensity. The way this happens is like this: When the treatment machine rotates, radiation beams are delivered from every angle. The highest dose of radiation is thus delivered on the tumor, while limiting it to healthy organs. VMAT can be used to treat several types of solid tumors that include prostate cancer, liver cancer and pancreatic cancer. Our Radiologists in Pune are experts at safely and precisely delivering this therapy.

Then there’s Internal radiation therapies which use a radioactive source in or near the cancer site. 3 of the common types of Internal Radiation include:

  • Brachytherapy implants radioactive material into the body – yes! How? Well, dozens of tiny “seeds” or “pods” containing radioactive iodine are placed at the tumor site with a special needle or catheter. This is an outpatient procedure and used in the treatment of prostatecervical, endometrial, vaginal and breast cancers.
  • Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (IORT) proves effective when treating an exposed tumor during cancer surgery. IORT sends out a high dose of radiation to a surgically exposed treatment area. In this procedure, surrounding healthy organs and tissues are protected by lead shields. Our Radiologists in Pune use this type of radiation for certain gastrointestinal cancers and other cancers that are challenging to remove during surgery.
  • Stereotactic Radiosurgery (SRS) is not actually a surgery. What it is instead, is dozens of tiny radiation beams that treat tumors in the head and neck with a single radiation dose.

Then there’s another kind of radiation called External Beam Radiation which is delivered through a specialized machine directly to the cancer site. 3 kinds of therapies are administered by our Radiologists in Pune.

  • Proton Therapy uses a beam of protons to serve up radiation to the tumor directly. A proton beam ensures it fits the shape and depth of the tumor while saving healthy tissues and organs. Our Radiologists in Pune  use this kind of therapy to treat cancers of the prostatelunghead and neckliveresophagus and brain, as well as for the treatment of lymphomapediatric cancers and other rare tumors.
  • MRI Linear Accelerator tracks soft tissue-based tumors in actual time during radiation. When this treatment is on, the MRI works on obtaining real-time images. This ensures real-time control of the radiation beam during treatment and allows the radiologist to adapt the radiation delivery as needed at each treatment. This technique is used for multiple cancer types with a soft tissue component, ex. head and neck cancers and gastrointestinal cancers.
  • Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) uses a narrower radiation beam. A more precise targeting of the tumor can be done and this therapy has been found to be useful for those patients who are not lined up for surgery. This is good in treating lung cancerpancreatic cancerliver cancer, and cancers that have spread to the bones.

Before finalizing a radiation treatment plan, our Onco Life Hospital Radiologists in Pune review the patient’s clinical history, pathology reports and imaging studies to decide the optimal radiation treatment for each patient.

BONE MARROW TRANSPLANT RECOVERY: HOW CAN ONE FACILITATE IT?

If you or your loved one needs a bone marrow transplant in Pune, the first name that should come to your mind is Onco Life Hospital for sure. Our experts in Bone Marrow Transplant are some of the best that India has to offer. We not only take care of the transplant but the recovery process too. Do you know what the road to recovery is? Let’s look at a few things that will facilitate the recovery process after a transplant.

A good diet matters: After a bone marrow transplant in Pune, you may experience symptoms like nausea, vomiting, or sore mouth, and your hunger may get affected adversely. But what you need to know is that to get your strength and stamina back, you have to eat well. You doctor may also prescribe some anti-nausea medication – in fact, when you get a bone marrow transplant in Pune, our doctors advise you to eat foods that are rich in vitamin D – which is essential for recovery. Though there are not many high vitamin D foods, you can have soy milk, milk, orange juice, and cereals to get replenished. When it comes to minerals, a high-calcium diet is also recommended as it helps to strengthen the bones. Normally, after a bone marrow transplant in Pune, your calcium levels could fall low. Foods like curd, milk, cheese, palak will help to make your bones strong.

 

Another mineral that helps recovery is phosphorus since it helps keep your bones strong. Eating a diet that includes non-vegetarian foods like fish, beef, chicken and nuts will help. Potassium is also useful – and you can get this by eating fruits like bananas, oranges, peaches, avocados, tomatoes, and sweet potatoes. Did you know that potassium helps bring the blood pressure to normal, assists in the normal working of the cells and helps you retain the right amount of fluids in your body? Also include magnesium rich foods so that your immune system remains strong.

 

You may take supplements and must avoid some foods: Sometimes when the patient does not feel like eating at all, our expert bone marrow transplant doctors in Pune recommend a daily dose of multivitamins. For those with a weak immune system, our doctors advise to steer clear of unpasteurized raw milk, raw or undercooked eggs, cheese made from unpasteurized raw milk, raw or undercooked meats.

 

Exercise is key: When you have a bone marrow transplant in Pune, we always advice good diet and regular exercise so that your heart stays healthy and you boost your body strength and stamina. Ask our experts about the kinds of exercise you can do and what you should avoid.

 

Stay away from alcohol: You must remember that your liver won’t be working as well after a bone marrow transplant – in fact, any procedure like chemotherapy, medications, etc weakens your liver system. So staying away from alcohol isn’t just healthy, it’s sensible too.

 

Sun protection is essential: Use a sunscreen with SPF 50 and wear pants and long-sleeve clothes that cover your arms and legs along with a hat. Remember, you’re more likely to have GVHD(an infection) when you go out in the sun. Also, your skin is bound to be sensitive after a bone marrow transplant.

 

Reach out to friends and family: Yes, when you get a bone marrow transplant in Pune or anywhere else, the effects are more than physical alone. In fact the emotional side-effects can sometimes be overwhelming. So, reach out to your friends and family at such a time to help you recover better and quicker. Also local and online support groups can really help at this time -so get in touch without hesitation. Being part of such groups gives you a kindred feeling where you can share your littlest insecurities and fears without being pitied or judged.  You’ll also get a more profound understanding of other people who have gone through or are going through what you are and more.

Armed with this knowledge, we hope that you are able to recover from a bone marrow transplant better and wiser. Remember, we at Onco Life Hospitals are always by your side whenever you want to do a bone marrow transplant in Pune.