Monthly Archives: July 2020

Everything you need to know about Mammography

What is Mammography?

Mammography is also known as mastography is the way toward utilizing low-vitality X-beams for the most part around 30 kVp to inspect the human breast for diagnosis and screening.

What is the main objective of Mammography ?

The objective of mammography is the early discovery of breast cancer, ordinarily through recognition of trademark masses or microcalcifications.

Why Mammogram is done?

Mammography is X-ray imaging of individual breast intended to identify tumours and different variations from the norm. Mammography can be utilized either for screening or for diagnostic purposes in assessing a breast irregularity:

Screening mammography: Screening mammography is utilized to identify breast changes in ladies who have no signs or side effects or new breast variations from the norm. The objective is to recognize cancer before clinical signs are perceptible.

Diagnostic mammography: Diagnostic mammography is utilized to research breast cancer changes, for example, another breast irregularity, breast torment, an unusual skin appearance, nipple thickening or areola release. It's likewise used to assess irregular discoveries on a screening mammogram. A diagnostic mammogram incorporates extra mammogram pictures.

How is a mammogram done?

An individual will stand before an X-ray machine. A technologist will put your breast on a reasonable plastic plate. Another plate will solidly press your breast from above. The plates will level the breast, keeping it still while the X-beam is being taken.
An individual will feel some weight. The means are rehashed to make a side perspective on the breast. The other breast will be X-rayed similarly. An individual will at that point pause while the technologist checks the four X-beams to ensure the photos don't should be re-done.

Remember that the technologist can't disclose to anyone the aftereffects of your mammogram. Every lady's mammogram may look somewhat changed on the grounds that all breast is somewhat extraordinary.

Which age women should start doing her Mammogram test?

Ladies at normal risk for breast cancer ought to get yearly mammograms beginning at age 45, at that point each other year beginning at age 55. The specialists additionally recommends ladies could decide to have mammograms as ahead of schedule as at the age 40.

Advantages of Mammography-

  • Reduces the danger of passing on from breast cancer. Of 1,000 ladies who have a mammogram like every 2 years for 20 years, 7 deaths are prevented.
  • Reduces the danger of experiencing chemotherapy. Screening frequently takes into account the recognition of diseases at the beginning phase of improvement.
  • Allows ladies to know the health of their breast.
  • Significant Things Individuals should Know About Mammograms-

  • Mammograms can save individual life: Discovering breast cancer early decreases women danger of dying from the sickness by 25-30% or more. Ladies should start having mammograms yearly at age 40, or prior on the off chance that they're at high risk.
  • Try not to be apprehensive: Mammography is a quick methodology for around 20 minutes, and distress is insignificant for most ladies. The technique is protected: there's just a small measure of radiation presentation from a mammogram. To assuage the tension of sitting tight for results, attempt to go to a centre that will give you results before you leave.
  • Get the best quality: If an individual has dense breast or are under age 50, attempt to get an advanced mammogram. An advanced mammogram is recorded onto a PC with the goal that specialists can extend certain segments to take a gander at them all the more intently.
  • Try not to wear antiperspirant or deo to your mammogram since these can appear in the film and meddle with the test outcomes.
  • Mammography is our most remarkable breast cancer recognition instrument: However, mammograms can at present miss 20% of breast cancer that is essentially not obvious utilizing this strategy. Other significant devices, for example, breast self-test, clinical breast exam, and potentially ultrasound or MRI can and ought to be utilized as reciprocal devices, however, there are no substitutes or swaps for a mammogram.

Explore Onco-Life Cancer Center for new treatments, mediation and tests as an intend to prevent, identify, treat or deal with this infection.

What is Gene Testing & why is it so important?

As the whole human have 46 chromosomes in their cells. Chromosomes are produced using DNA. Genes are short segments of DNA and every chromosome contains hundreds to thousands of genes. Genes contain data where humans bodies need to make chemicalcalled proteins.

Proteins form the structure of human bodies and assume a significant job in the procedures that keep individual alive. It is the distinctions in individual genes that make all of us humans an. Once in awhile a gene may change this is known as a mutation and either cause or increment the danger of a disease or disorder.

DNA represents deoxyribonucleic acid. DNA structures genetic material. Genes, which are comprised of DNA, go about as guidelines to make proteins. In humans, genes change in size from only a limited quantity of DNA to exceptionally a lot of DNA.

Proteins are enormous, confounded molecules that assume numerous significant jobs in the individual body. They do the greater part of the work in cells and are required for the structure, regulation and functions of individual body's tissues and organs.

As human's cells are increasing constantly, genetic data needs to remain the equivalent. Ordinarily, there isa superb mechanism set up to ensure every cell gets precisely the same duplicate of DNA, the material that makes up individual genes. In any case, once in a while, the copying mechanisms commits errors or different issues can happen with anyone genetic material. Issues and variations from the norm in genes can prompt genetic illnesses.

What is Gene Testing?

Genetic testing or DNA testing is a sort of clinical test that distinguishes changes in chromosomes, genes or proteins. Gene’s tests search for variations from the norm in DNA taken from an individual's blood, body-liquids or tissues.

The tests can search for huge slip-ups, for example, a gene that has an area missing or included. Different tests search for little changes inside the DNA. Different missteps that can be found incorporate genes that are excessively dynamic, genes that are killed, or those that are lost completely.

Genetic tests inspect an individual's DNA in an assortment of ways. They are completely intended to recognize contrasts between the gene being tried and what might be viewed as an ordinary adaptation of similar quality.

What are the types of Genetic Testing?

There are various sorts of genetic testing which includes:

  • Preimplantation testing: Additionally called preimplantation genetic diagnosis, this test might be utilized when you endeavour to consider a kid through in vitro treatment. The undeveloped organisms are screened for genetic irregularities. Incipient organisms without anomalies are embedded in the uterus in order to achieve pregnancy.
  • Diagnostic testing: On the off chance that you have manifestations of a malady that might be brought about by genetic changes, once in a while called mutated genes, genetic testing can uncover on the off chance that you have the speculated issue. For instance, genetic testing might be utilized to affirm a determination of cystic fibrosis or Huntington's disease.
  • New-born screening: This is the most common type of genetic testing. Each infant is tried for a gathering of wellbeing issue that isn’t in any case found during childbirth. With a basic blood test, specialists can check for uncommon hereditary, hormone-related, and metabolic conditions that can cause genuine medical issues.
  • Presymptomatic and predictive testing: These testing are utilized to recognize gene mutation related to disarranges that show up after birth or later in life. These tests can be useful to individuals who have a relative with a hereditary issue; however, who have no highlights of the turmoil themselves at the hour of testing.
  • Prenatal testing: This tests can distinguish whether an infant is pretty much liable to have certain birth defects, a significant number of which are genetic disorder. These tests incorporate blood tests, a particular kind of ultrasound and prenatal cell-free DNA screening.
  • Pharmacogenetics: On the off chance that individuals have a specific wellbeing condition or illness, this kind of genetic testing may help figure out what prescription and measurement will be best and valuable for them.
  • Carrier testing: This genetic test used to decide whether a healthy individual is a carrier of a latent hereditary infection. It gives life-enduring data about a person's reproductive risk and theirodds of having an infant with a hereditary infection.

Why genetic testing is so important?

Genetic testing helps gauge individual opportunity of creating cancer in the course of one’s life. It does this via scanning for explicit changes in ones genes, chromosomes, or proteins. These progressions are called mutation.

Genetic testing can uncover changes (mutation) in individual’s genes that may cause illness or infection. Although genetic testing can give significant data to diagnosing, treating and forestalling sickness, there are confinements.

Genetic testing has potential importance whether the outcomes are positive or negative for gene mutations. Test outcomes can give a positive feeling from vulnerability and assist individuals with settling on informed choices about dealing with their medicinal services.

For example, a negative outcome can dispense with the requirement for superfluous check-ups and screening tests now and again. A positive outcome can coordinate an individual toward accessible avoidance, checking, and treatment choices. Some test outcomes can likewise assist individuals with settling on choices about having kids. New-bornscreening can recognize a genetic disorder from the get-go throughout everyday life so treatment can be begun as ahead of schedule as could reasonably is expected.

Genetic testing can be a basic method to change the course of individual wellbeing. As referenced, a significant advantage the data individual return from this non-invasive and fairly inexpensive test permits you to recognize wholesome shortcomings, supplement for your special needs, and increment the wellbeing of your cells hence diminishing the danger of illness. You could be one test away from better wellbeing.

Regardless of what the aftereffects of your genetic testing, connect with our Onco-life cancer centre clinical geneticist or genetic advisor about inquiries or concerns you may have. This will enable you to comprehend what the outcomes mean for you and your family.

Why does every symptom on Google search lead to Cancer?

The internet has made information one of the most accessible things on the planet. Whatever the problem be, chances are somewhere it has been documented on the internet by someone. With just a few clicks and a bit of research, it can be accessed. But such quick information does not bring experience or expertise that comes only from years of practice.

When we are sick, our first instinct, for the lack of a better judgement is to search Google for the probable cause of our symptoms. That is the most counterproductive thing we can do.

Diagnosis of any disease is preliminarily based on the appearance of a certain combination of systems. When we input our systems in Google, it shows a combination of various probable diseases without knowing which symptoms are more prevalent or if there are any symptoms that are being masked. If it were a doctor, he could have analysed the situation, uncovered more symptoms by asking the patient several questions based on his experience and the live feedback from the patient. All of these become null as soon as we try to diagnose ourselves.

There can be several causes why every symptom on Google search lead to cancer.

1. Misdiagnosis - simple Google search on the reason of a headache or stomach ache can lead to a plethora of reasons. A headache can be caused by a tumour. A headache can also be caused by something as simple as stress, anxiety or just dehydration. Or it can also be because we stare at some screen or the other all day stressing our eyes and brain. Without proper diagnosis and experience it is not possible to know what is causing the headache. It might be the symptom of something simple or some underlying disease.

2. Anyone can publish anything online - The internet has brought us ease and made every bit of information available to us at our finger tips. But that does not mean that all of those are verified facts. Anyone can post anything online without proper verification or research of any sorts. Even if the website has good hits does not make it reliable. It is always necessary to fact check the information from reliable sources or to just visit a doctor before stressing yourself and worsening the situation.

3. Probability - All search engines run on probability based on a few sets of input variables. They show all permutations and combinations of the input word sequence. When we enter the symptoms in the search engine, it shows all the probable diseases that list some or all of the symptoms we have typed into the search bar. If we consider a simple case of chest pain and think of it as a symptom and start a search based on it, we will get a list of names of probable diseases. The list can vary from simple things like indigestion, stress and increased blood pressure. It can also be a symptom of complex heart diseases or a tumour or nervous diseases in the area surrounding the heart. The search engine can’t know the exact cause of the pain or the area. It also depends on the user’s knowledge of his or her own body. For example, if the user knows the difference between a chest pain and a heart burn, the area of the pain or the degree of pain. All of these things can be diagnosed physically by a doctor and then tested for verification and finally treatment.

Looking for the reason behind a symptom can actually worsen the situation in various ways. Seeing various complex diseases listed for your symptom can cause mental stress and make you anxious which in turn will have adverse effects on your body. It can also make your attending physician think poorly of you because you refuse to see their logic and reason and keep stating your poorly researched list of probable diseases. By doing this you are actually putting yourself at risk as there is a lot of misinformation out there and it does not put you even in the vicinity of your problem. It can always lead you to a complex result instead of a simple solution. It is therefore, wiser to visit and consult your physician first with your symptoms.

If your consulting physician finds something suspicious that might lead to a diagnosis of cancer, they will refer you to the many Oncologist specialists in Maharashtra who can handle it better. Furthermore, there are many PET Scan centres in Maharashtra that can confirm or refute the diagnosis in a verified manner without second-guessing leading to a healthier lifestyle or better tackling of the disease at the best cancer hospitals around.

We, the team of Onco Life Cancer Centre are fighting against cancer alongside you, and wish you the best.

11 things you did not know which could probably cause Cancer

What are we? We are not static beings. We are a collection of various cells constructed of 50 various types of proteins that group together to perform various functions. There are ten times the cells in our body than there are stars in the observable Universe. And those cells die and reproduce every second so that we keep living, approximately at a rate of 1-3 million per second. This defines us, in short.

What is cancer? During cell reproduction, some cells mutate by pure chance or the effect of some sort of chemical or external agent and are broken and refuse to die when their time comes. These cells that have broken the natural contract are, simply put, cancer cells and the external agents that are responsible for cancer are known as Carcinogens.

There are three key factors that cause Cancer

  • Random Gene Mutation during Cell Replication
  • Environmental factors i.e. exposure to Carcinogens, and
  • The third factor is Hereditary.

Cell replications takes place millions of times in our body every day. During one such cell replication, if the cell mutates randomly and effects an important gene, the resultant cells become cancer cells and they keep replicating like normal cells and sometimes even faster leading to the disease. Research show that this is the reason behind two-thirds of the cancer cases.

Jumping to the third factor, sometimes patients can inherit mutated genes from a parent who had cancer. International Agency for Research on Cancer lists a variety of carcinogens starting from radioactive substances to smoking, chemicals and food that is in our daily diet.

Here’s a list of 11 lesser known things that could probably cause Cancer.

1. Scented Candles: Aromatic candles sure do soothe you but it does a lot more harm when used frequently and over a long period of term. Though most of the candles now don’t use Paraffin wax, a known carcinogen, still some scented candles have Benzene and Toluene which when breathed in over a long period of time can increase your risk of cancer.

2. Incense Sticks: In a research published in 2008, researchers found that among 60000 cancer free individuals between the ages of 40-80 years old had an increased risk of developing Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Respiratory Tract when subjected to years of breathing in the smoke from burning incense sticks. The aroma of jasmine incense once in a while might be nice but it is in the best interest of your health to not make a habit out of this.

3. Improper Oral Hygiene: In 2018, Oxford University researchers published a study in the August issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute linking periodontal diseases to a higher risk factor of developing both lung and colorectal cancer. So, maintaining a proper teeth and gum care by brushing, flossing and use of mouth wash is imperative to a long and healthy life.

4. Sleeping with the TV On: A 2010 analytic article in the scientific journal Environmental Health Perspectives published that the artificial blue light coming from the television may lead to a higher risk of cancer of the breast and prostate in men and women respectively. To quote Les Reinlib of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, UK, “Light at night is likely to be one of a number of factors that contributed to the increase in breast cancer over the last few decades.”

5. Pumping Petrol or Diesel: It is no secret that fossil fuels are laden with carcinogens and they stay even after the crude oil is refined into petrol and diesel or CNG for that matter. Carcinogens like Benzene hang around in the fuel vapours and get mixed in the air and breathing them increases the risk of cancer by quite a lot.

6. Stress: In our modern society, living comes hand in hand with a lot of stress and we have learned to live with it. While it does not directly cause cancer, but the consequences of stress like elevated blood pressure, sugar level and heart rate can inevitably lead to cancer.

7.  Avoiding Fruits and Vegetables: It should come as no surprise that what we did not like doing as kids and avoided when our parents insisted is probably harming us right now. Eating less natural snacks like fruits when you feel hungry and reaching for that mouth-watering packet of processed food might increase your risk of cancer if it remains unchecked.

8. Not drinking enough water: Water not only hydrates our body, but cleans in too. Drinking plenty of water throughout the day helps dilute and flush out harmful substances from our body and potentially reduce the risk of cancer.

9.  Eating too much rice: Too much of a good thing can be bad, sounds familiar, doesn’t it? Rice contains trace amounts of arsenic, a known carcinogen. Although the level varies throughout the world, consuming too much of it and too frequently, over a long period may increase your risk of developing cancer manifold.

10. Taking too many supplements: In 2015, a study at the University of Colorado Cancer Centre suggested that supplements should be taken carefully and the daily dosage should not exceed the prescribed daily limit. Ingesting more than the exceeded limit of supplements of Beta Carotene may increase the risk of cancer by as much as 20%.

11. Using makeup that contains Parabens: In the Journal of Applied Toxicology, a research was published that showed cheaper make up products that use parabens, can easily get absorbed through the skin can cause a spike in the growth of breast cancer cells.

Don’t start panicking yet. Even if you have come in contact with some of these, they might not have left you with irreversible damage. If you see the symptoms of cancer or feel you have exposed yourself to a number of carcinogens, consult the best cancer specialists in Maharashtra. If need be, get the best nuclear medicine at the best cancer hospitals that are made available to you in Maharashtra. All of these should serve as an advisory to practice a better health regimen to a better life.

Our team at Onco Life Cancer Centre is always here for further assistance in this battle against cancer.