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Types of oncologists and their specialities by Onco Life Cancer Centre

Types of Oncologists and Their Specialties in Oncology

Who is an Oncologist?

Oncology is the specialized branch of medicine devoted to the field of cancer including diagnosis, treatments, and researches. Doctors who treat cancer patients are known as oncologists. Cancer treatment involves various medical procedures and hence, requires a speciality team.

Catering to the growing concerns of the cancer patients, there are few recommended cancer hospitals across the country, known for their reliable and affordable treatments. Onco-Life cancer centre is one such hospital, working persistently for the cancer patients, with its qualified team of cancer specialist in Pune.

Role of Oncologist

An oncologist’s role is centered around the complete cancer treatment. Starting from the diagnosis, an oncologist continues with his/her following responsibilities:

  • Explaining to the patient about cancer diagnosed, including the stage.
  • Apprising about the treatment options available
  • Offering quality and compassionate care, thus keeping the patient at ease.
  • Assisting the patient to handle cancer symptoms and side effects in the best way.
  • Maintaining follow-ups even after the treatment.

Types of Oncologists

Depending upon the nature, stage, and location of cancer, there are different oncologists offering their specialized services for cancer treatment. The field of oncology has three main divisions-medical, surgical and radiation. There are also several sub-specialities.

Medical Oncologist

Medical Oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer using chemotherapy and other medications like targeted therapy or immunotherapy. He is the primary health care provider for a cancer patient who leads the development of the patient’s treatment. He works in conjunction with the other medical departments for best results. A medical oncologist is also the responsible head who continues with the follow-ups and checkups of the patients, post-treatment.

Surgical Oncologist

A surgical oncologist is a surgeon who specializes in the surgical removal of cancerous tumors. They are basically general surgeon who undertake additional training in oncology and related surgical procedures. They are also specialized in performing certain types of biopsies to help diagnose cancer.

Radiation Oncologist

Radiation oncologists are doctors who treat cancer through radiation therapy. Radiation therapy employs high-energy X-rays to kill the cancerous cells. At times when it’s not possible to completely destroy the cancer cells, oncologists use the radiations to reduce the tumor or slow the tumor growth without affecting the neighbouring tissues. This is called palliative therapy. The main objective of the therapy is to improve the patient’s quality of life by controlling the tumors growth and its related symptoms.

At times the radiation oncologists also undertake brachytherapy to treat the cancer patients. In this therapy, radioactive sources are implanted directly into or next to the tumor. Depending upon the type of cancer, the radiation radioactive sources may be left in the place permanently or removed at the end of each treatment session.

Other Sub-specialties

Gynecologic Oncologist

Gynecologic oncologists are doctors who treat cancers related to the female reproductive system. This includes ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, uterine cancer, and more. They are trained obstetrician-gynaecologist who take additional fellowship training to sub-specialize in oncology.

Pediatric Oncologist

A pediatric oncologist specializes in cancer treatment of children. There are some cancers that mostly affect children and young teenagers like brain tumors, leukemia, osteosarcoma, and Ewing’s sarcoma.

Hematologist-Oncologist

Hematologist oncologists are into diagnosing and treating blood cancers that may include leukemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma.

Neuro-Oncologist

Neuro-oncologists are dedicated to the treatment of cancers related to brain, spine and peripheral nerves.

Onco-Life Cancer Centre is a one-stop destination for those who are looking for the best cancer treatment. We take pride to have the services of best oncologist in Pune who have to their credit several successful cancer stories.

Different Types of Breast Cancer Treatments

Different Types of Breast Cancer Treatments

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting a large number of women all across the globe. Over the years, to combat the disease, the members of medical fraternity including breast specialist doctor in Pune, Mumbai, Satara and other cities of Maharashtra have always come forward to adapt the advanced techniques, revolutionizing the cancer treatment.

The type of treatment a cancer patient needs primarily depends upon the type of cancer and the stage of cancer. However, in most of the cases, patients are referred to a combination of treatments for best results.

Following are the medical treatments that a breast cancer patient may have to undergo:

  • Surgical Operation: The main objective of breast cancer surgery is to remove the cancerous tumor from the breast. If the cancer cells are spread to the lymph nodes, then the doctor may also remove the lymph nodes in the underarm area (auxiliary nodes).There are two types of surgeries recommended by the surgeons depending upon the case. These are:
    1. Lumpectomy: Only the breast tumor is removed along with a small strip of normal tissue around. The remaining portion of the breast remains intact. This is also known as breast-conserving surgery.
    2. Mastectomy: In mastectomy, the surgeon recommends to remove the entire breast (this includes the nipple and areola). This is true in most cases, barring exceptions.
  • Chemotherapy: This treatment aims to destroy the cancer cells through the use of drugs that are directly injected into the veins through a needle or by pills. In certain cases, a combination of both can also be applied. Chemotherapy is often recommended as an addition to other treatments like surgery, radiation or hormone therapy. It is an effective therapy that enhances the possibility of a cure, reduces the risk of relapsing, mitigates the symptoms and can also contribute towards a better quality of life of the patient.
  • Hormonal Therapy: Hormonal therapy is used to block the hormones that help the cancerous cells to grow. The therapy is recommended only in those cases where breast cancers are found to have receptors for the naturally occurring hormones. It is often a post-surgery recommendation that aims to mitigate the risk of relapse. This treatment is also used to shrink a tumor prior to the surgery to ensure optimum results.
  • Biological Therapy: This treatment uses the body’s immune system to target and destroy the cancer cells. The therapy induces the immune system to recognize and kill the cancer cells. It may also be used for controlling the growth of the tumor and preventing the spread of cancerous cells.
  • Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy for breast cancer uses high-energy X-rays and other particles to kill cancer cells. The treatment is highly effective on rapidly growing cancer cells that are susceptible to the effects of radiation therapy. The primary aim of radiation therapy is to kill any surviving cancerous cells that remained in or around the breast or lymph nodes after surgery.
  • Other Complementary Medications: Apart from the above mentioned standard breast cancer treatments, there are certain prescribed medicines and health practices which when included in everyday life can go a long way in improving the health of the patient. Practices like meditation and yoga and supplements like vitamins and herbs are often healthy ways to counter any health-damaging impacts.

We, at Onco-Life Cancer Centre (located in Satara, 100kms from Pune) have been successfully catering to patients, coming from districts far and wide. We are known for our state-of-the art facilities and services that are at par with any other cancer hospital in Pune.

Wondering which treatment is right for you?

With so many options available for cancer treatment, patients may have difficulty in choosing the right one. A cancer specialist is the right person who can explain the pros and cons of each treatment. We, at Onco-life Cancer Centre offer services of highly experienced doctors who can help patients understand their case better and hence, plan their treatment accordingly.

While there are many cancer centers across the country, breast cancer treatments in Pune, Satara, Mumbai are highly sought-after for their quality services and cost-effectiveness.